What is monsoon, its origin and how is it formed?
Do you know what is monsoon, from where it originates, how it comes with rain. Why does monsoon rain in India only? So friends, today we will discuss about it only and will tell some other things along with it. When it is hot all over India from March to mid-June.
Then rivers, drains, dams all become empty in the whole country. Animals, birds, jibs, animals in the forest, some even die due to lack of water. Humans are much more troubled than just sun, sweat, heat. Neither in the well nor in the pond, there is no water to be seen anywhere. It starts getting very hot in the morning itself.
Many people die due to hot winds. The pads are all dried up. The farmer keeps looking at the sky, just waiting for the rain. For farmers, monsoon is like gambling, if it rains, then agriculture is not there. As soon as June comes, only one word on people’s tongue Monsoon Monsoon Monsoon. Everyone understands monsoon rain. So let’s learn something new about monsoon.
What is Monsoon
This Monsoon word is derived from the Arabic word Mausumi. This word means winds. Monsoon The winds of the Indian Ocean, due to which there is rain in India during the period, is called monsoon. Monsoon seasonal winds are called. According to the theory of Hydrology, monsoon is said to those winds which rain in any Maha.
By the way, there are two types of monsoon rain in India, there is more than one rain. It rains less than once. Or you can say that there are
two types of monsoon in India.
Southwest Monsoon/Summer (June to October)
North East Monsoon / Winter (November to January)
Monsoon completely depends on the direction of the winds. Whenever the direction of monsoon changes, it is called monsoon. When this wind comes from a colder area to a warmer area, then the amount of moisture in these winds only increases. And it rains.
origin of monsoon
India is also a country in a vast continent like Asia. This country starts heating up due to high temperature in summers. One thing you will know, whenever the air is heated, the air starts flowing lightly. Because of this, an area with low air pressure is formed there.
Now this field invites the air of the field with more air pressure. This air comes to us from the ocean. Because the ocean part remains less hot than the land part. There the density of air remains high. It is a law of science that the wind always flows from high pressure area to low pressure area. Therefore, this wind from the ocean starts flowing towards India in the form of monsoon winds. This monsoon wind in India depends on the winds blowing from the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. When this monsoon wind hits the southwest coast, it rains in many nearby countries including India.
By the way, this southwest monsoon reaches the coastal areas of Kerala by June 1 and starts raining there within 5 days. and proceeds further north. Gradually it spreads to all the states of India by the end of June.
You have been told that there are two types of monsoon winds blowing in India, out of which the southwest monsoon flows from the ocean towards the land area. The North East Monsoon is also known as the September Monsoon.
These winds blow from the land part towards the sea. Due to the southwest monsoon in our country, most of the area receives rainfall. Talking about the geographical position of our country, the Tropic of Cancer passes through India from east to west.
For this reason, there is a difference in the water age of the country. All the seasons in India like rain, summer, and only rain are known as monsoons. Monsoon brings down the temperature. But the humidity only increases. Humidity is considered to have an important role in water life.
When does the monsoon pass from where?
The first monsoon reaches the state of Kerala on 1 June. From this, the monsoon winds coming from the Arabian Sea move towards the north. Similarly, from Thiruvananthapuram to Mumbai, it reaches Mumbai very fast within 10 days, which means around June 10. Meanwhile, the monsoon wind passing through the Bay of Bengal gradually starts moving towards the north.
It reaches Assam in the first week of June. Later on, it collides with the south of the Himalayas and turns towards Mashim. Because of this, it does not go to Miami and goes to the Ganges.
If we talk about East then here is Kolkata city. Where the monsoon reaches by 7 June. By June 15, this monsoon wind spreads over half of India. The Arabian Sea wind and the Bay of Bengal wind merge again at one place. These winds reach the western and northern states like Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan by July 1.
Monsoon reaches Odisha, Bihar Chhatisgad, Jharkhand from 10 to 15 July. If we talk about Delhi, the rain sometimes comes from the eastern side and sometimes from the Bay of Bengal. According to meteorologists, it is difficult to tell from whom else it will rain in Delhi. By mid-July, monsoon reaches Kashmir as well as other parts of the country.
In September Rutu, when the land is cool, then the dry winds blow as the North East monsoon. The North East monsoon spreads to every part of the whole of India by the beginning of January. This monsoon rain rarely brings. But it is very useful for winter crops. This monsoon rains a lot in Tamil Nadu. It is a different country when it comes to Bharata monsoon.
Sometimes here due to excessive bruising in some areas, it is like a fence here.
If the situation becomes so, then somewhere it will dry throughout the year. Osat Brusti has only 116 CM in India. The rain in Cherrapunji is 1100 CM. There are also such as in Jaisalmer there is 20 CM brusti. Monsoon lasts for 4 months in India, but it does not mean that it will always rain.
Some days it rains and some days it is cloudy. In some places, due to the strong rain, there is a lot of loss to the government, to the crops, to the animals.
This was some information about what is monsoon and where does monsoon come from in India. Origin of Monsoon Now we will know how monsoon rains.
how does monsoon rain
The lower part of India is a triangle. Because of which when the Southwest Monsoon which has a lot of moisture, when it enters India. Then it splits into two parts. Don’t you think that monsoon brings rain. It rains because of the Parbat range in India.
There is a lot of moisture in the monsoon air, when it hits the different high mountain ranges of India, then it turns into rain. This patience makes it rain in the growing India. Its name is Varsha Rutu.
When this moist air keeps moving forward, then the air becomes dry by moving forward. And in October the monsoon ends. Near the Western Ghats there is Mumbai city which receives 185.7 cm of rain but if we talk about Pune city which is 160 Kilometer away from the Western Ghats it receives only 50 cm of rain. In this way monsoon rains. Every year there is a lack of rain in India, so let’s see it too.
Why are the rainy days getting shorter?
Day by day the rainy days are decreasing because of global warming. If it rains 3 mm or more in a day, that day is called rainy day. 20 years ago there was a lot of rain, but now talking about it, the rain is very less.
Why are the rainy days getting shorter?
Scinentist believes that by the next century, the southwest monsoon will arrive in India with a delay of 15 to 20 days. Due to global warming, the monsoon can change its direction, towards the east. Due to this, there is a possibility of less rain in India, Pakistan and Nepal. Below are some clues about how many rainy days in which year.
what did you learn today
So friends, today’s information is very important. In which there is a lot of good information about monsoon. Like what is monsoon (What is monsoon in Hindi), from where did the monsoon originate. How long does this monsoon reach in different regions of India and how does it rain due to monsoon.
But due to pollution, the rainy days are decreasing throughout the year. Along with this, the monsoon days are also getting delayed. That’s why we should be alert to stop pollution. Otherwise it will not take many years for India to become a desert. So think about something.
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